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User Manual UDO > The UDO syntax > Text styling Index

Preformatted text

UDO layouts the text of the source file on its own. But sometimes you don't want that because you want to display preformatted things like parts of a source code or something else.

To display preformatted text you can use the verbatim environment that is started with !begin_verbatim and finished with !end_verbatim. No UDO commands (except !end_verbatim) or placeholders will be converted. Text inside this environment will be indented like normal text.

When converting into LaTeX the commands of UDO will be just replaced by the LaTeX commands \begin{verbatim} and \end{verbatim}. When converting to another format UDO adjusts special chars and displays the text with a non-proportional font.

If the lines of the verbatim environment contain tabs (ASCII 9) UDO will replace them by spaces according to the !tabwidth setting.

Because no commands inside a verbatim environment are noticed you cannot use the !include command inside this environment.

To enable you to include an external file and display it as it would be inside a verbatim environment UDO offers you the command !vinclude. This command is a mixture of !begin_verbatim, !include and !end_verbatim.

To write special commands for the destination format you cannot use this environment. You have to use the raw environment instead.


  1. Because the text of a verbatim environment is indented like normal text you shouldn't use extra spaces at the beginning of each line.
  2. The difference between the raw environment and the verbatim environment is that text of a verbatim environment will be displayed an you entered it, but text of a raw environment will be saved into the destination file as you entered it.

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Last updated on May 19, 2014

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